HomeTutorialsWhat is Ransomware? Signs and How to remove it?

What is Ransomware? Signs and How to remove it?

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Ever heard of being kidnapped for ransom? That's exactly what a Ransomware does, it kidnaps your files and data in exchange for ransom. In this post, we will show you how to remove ransomware.

What is a Ransomware?

ransomware signs

A Ransomware is a program that is intended to lock you out of your computer system, so you have to pay to get them back.

Besides, Ransomware prevents you from accessing your personal information and relentlessly try to make you pay their ransom.

Be aware that Ransomware perpetrators can't be tracked by the payment. With the advent of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, it has become virtually impossible to track perpetrators by the payment method.

How to get infected with Ransomware?

Ransomware can be gotten in different ways. It can be gotten via email attachments or even by suspicious links to external websites.

For example, you may get an email asking you to download a premium PDF for free. In your excitement, you open the malware-infected file and boom, you're infected.

Signs of Ransomware

Ransomware is not hidden malware. The main goal is to catch your attention and make you pay for your information. So, signs of malware may include.

  • Intrusive pop-ups threatening you that your information is at risk and you need to pay to open them up.
  • When you can’t login to your computer.
  • When some or all of your files are encrypted and you get random messages from hackers warning you to pay or lose them.

Types of Ransomware

There are three major types of Ransomware, each working in a different but destructive way.

  • Scareware

Not really serious, just a set of messages and pop-ups telling you malware has been detected on your computer and you need to pay to get it removed. No legitimate antivirus company will contact you this way unless you have their software installed.

  • Screen Lockers

These essentially lock you out of your screen. This action is followed by a series of messages by law enforcement authorities that suspicious activity is detected on your computer and you have to pay a fine to get access.

  • Encrypting Ransomware

The most complex type of ransomware. This encrypts your files and demand for payment before you're given a gateway. You don't usually get back to your information except you had a backup.

How to Remove Ransomware

Don't panic, all you have to do when your files are kidnapped for ransom is to try removing it. How is this done?

You can protect yourself from or remove Ransomware from your computer using Windows Defender or by performing a System Restart.

1. Use Windows Defender

Windows Defender can be used to clear the Screen Lock or Scareware types of Ransomware.

To do this:

  1. Locate Windows Defender, it is at the Start screen.
  2. Open and click full on the right side of the screen.
  3. Select Scan and watch the process. Windows will automatically find and remove Ransomware and other malware.

2. Perform System Restore

If Windows Defender does not clear your malware,

  1. Access your Control Panel.
  2. Select System and Security.
  3. Click on the System and go to Advanced System Settings.
  4. Select System protection and then System Restore.

Note: If you've never performed a system restore, you may need to create a system backup. Select Set up Backup and fill in the options we leave it as default. It may take several minutes.

Once you're done doing this, your malware should be gone. However, if you have a serious Ransomware like the encryption type, that may not work. In this case, you have to hire a professional malware remover or get a software (not recommended) as you may damage your computer if you try it yourself.

3. Use Automated Solutions

There are certain ransomware removal tools you can use such as F-Secure, Heimdal Security, Kaspersky Antivirus, Avira Antivirus, Norton Security, and others. With any of the automated security tools, you can easily remove ransomware from your infected PC.

Hope you were able to remove ransomware from your digital device?


About the Author:

amaya paucek
Writer at SecureBlitz | Website

Amaya Paucek is a professional with an MBA and practical experience in SEO and digital marketing. She is based in Philippines and specializes in helping businesses achieve their goals using her digital marketing skills. She is a keen observer of the ever-evolving digital landscape and looks forward to making a mark in the digital space.


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